Disaster

Disaster

Large-scale disasters, including humanitarian crises and natural disaster, are a focus of mental health professionals when treating and studying trauma. Groups targeted by the World Health Organization for emergency psychological treatment typically include refugees, internally displaced persons, disaster survivors, and populations exposed to terrorism, war, or genocide. Many individuals exposed to traumatic situations will go on to develop psychological disorders including depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder. Studies of natural disasters such as mudslides, earthquakes, and hurricanes indicate that over half of those affected suffer from significant mental distress as a result. In recent years, renewed focus has been applied to third-world and resource-poor countries in which most humanitarian disasters occur.

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