Large-scale disasters, including humanitarian crises and natural disaster, are a focus of mental health professionals when treating and studying trauma. Groups targeted by the World Health Organization for emergency psychological treatment typically include refugees, internally displaced persons, disaster survivors, and populations exposed to terrorism, war, or genocide. Many individuals exposed to traumatic situations will go on to develop psychological disorders including depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder. Studies of natural disasters such as mudslides, earthquakes, and hurricanes indicate that over half of those affected suffer from significant mental distress as a result. In recent years, renewed focus has been applied to third-world and resource-poor countries in which most humanitarian disasters occur.

Approaches to providing psycho-social support for children, teachers and other school staff, and social and emotional learning for children in protracted conflict situations

A psychosocial approach moves away from focusing on individual clinically based diagnoses to focusing on holistic, broad-based preventative programmes that promote resilience and develop coping strategies across the entire affected group.

Mosul’s children mentally scarred by brutal conflict

Brutal fighting and years living under ISIS have left Mosul’s children with dangerous levels of psychological damage, new research by Save the Children shows. Experts found children are so deeply scarred by memories of extreme violence they are living in constant fear for their lives, unable to show emotions, and suffering from vivid ‘waking nightmares’.

Hidden burdens of conflict: Issues of mental health and access to services among internally displaced persons in Ukraine

Some 32% of internally displaced persons in Ukraine suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder as a result of the conflict in the east. These are the findings of a new study, Hidden burdens of conflict: Mental health issues and access to services among internally displaced persons in Ukraine.

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