Researchers recently discovered that an inhibitory brain receptor triggers synaptic pruning in adolescence. Now, a new article shows that drugs that selectively target these receptors can alter synapse number, with possible implications for the treatment of autism and schizophrenia.
The mental health field is constantly changing. One major driver of these changes is the ever-evolving state of research on such topics as neuroscience, pharmacology, social psychology, the relationship between physical and mental health, substance use, and the social determinants of health (race, gender, class, national origin). Research and the endless search for evidence-based practices is at the heart of mental health, but sifting through the vast amounts being published is a daunting task. Nevertheless, we believe a public interest is served by giving readers a sampling of some of the current ideas, and controversies, in the area of mental health research.
People with mild heart disease are more likely to say they have poorer health, anxiety and a negative outlook than people in the general population, a new study suggests.
Among older adults with subthreshold depression (insufficient levels of depressive symptoms to meet diagnostic criteria), collaborative care compared with usual care resulted in an improvement in depressive symptoms after four months, although it is of uncertain clinical importance, according to a study.
Cook and his colleagues at the University and around the country have identified key intervention programs that have been proven to reduce the rate of mental illness among schoolchildren.
“Quite surprisingly, we found that people with intermediate educational levels were suffering more mental health problems during the crisis than any other group, and this occurred regardless of whether they were employed or unemployed,” says Juan Antonio Córdoba Doña.
The team identified four subtypes of depression. If confirmed in additional studies, the findings could enable clearer diagnoses and pave the way for personalized therapies targeting brain networks found to be awry in individual patients.
Depression is almost twice as likely to affect women than men. Difficulty in sleeping, loss of appetite and fatigue are the most common symptoms, but another lesser-known risk is a higher chance of heart attack.
Researchers from the Department of Psychology at Annamalai University in Tamil Nadu, India, explained that they wanted to have a better assessment of the age, gender, and mental health conditions of local drug addicts.
Mental health checks do not help soldiers with psychological problems after returning from war. So says the first test of such screening, carried out on the UK army.
Women with schizophrenia have nearly a twofold increased risk for breast cancer compared to their counterparts without schizophrenia, new research suggests.
According to research from the Royal Women’s Hospital, Royal Melbourne Hospital and University of Melbourne, found no association between depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, or psychological distress with vitamin D status.
While scientists have made tremendous advances in decoding the genetics of physical illnesses, such as cancer, and developing precision therapies, treatments for mental health remain blunt tools.
Research suggests that a combination of nutrition and mental, social and physical activities may have a greater impact with regard to maintaining and improving brain health than any single activity. Volunteering, caring for others and pursuing hobbies may benefit the brains of older adults.
The research specifically showed that older adults who lived in neighborhoods with more homicide and a higher poverty rate experienced more depressive symptoms.
The extremely low birth weight babies had a higher risk for certain mental health problems. As children, they were more likely to have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and as teens they had a greater risk of ADHD and social problems.
A study published recently in Heath Affairs found that most apps failed to respond appropriately when a user entered potentially dangerous health information.
A recent study published in the journal Pediatrics suggests many more teenage girls in the U.S. may be experiencing major depressive episodes at this age than boys.
A controversial new paper, published in the Journal of Medical Ethics, claims letting patients self-harm in such an environment would be less confrontational and distressing than stopping them completely.
Some psychologists have argued that depression is not a dysfunction at all, but an evolved mechanism designed to achieve a particular set of benefits. If they’re right, it means that our thinking about depression needs an intervention too.
Researchers from the University of Melbourne developed the app after a study discovered that taxi drivers were among the most stressed people in a workplace, Xinhua news agency reported.
According to a document prepared for Bristol City Council, 54 per cent of people in the city who claim Employment and Support Allowance (ESA) – formally called Disability Allowance – do so on the grounds of mental illness.
Dr. Varghese said positive perception of self increased one’s longevity. Life satisfaction, social support system, good physical and mental health, financial security and personal control over one’s life were essential for successful aging.
The report put together by the London Assemble Health Committee found that 40% of LGBT people in the capital have experienced a form of mental health issue.
Types of exploitation may be that of a relationship where one person is taking advantage of the other for their own benefit; or the idea of over-charging for a service because he or she can get away with it.
Compared to white individuals, black people born between 1900 and 1984 had to cope far more often with the deaths of their parents, siblings and even their children, earlier and throughout their lives.
A new study, published in the journal Human Brain Mapping, questions previous findings that specific brain regions are implicated in particular mental health conditions.