Interim Dean Sandra Weiss of the UC San Francisco School of Nursing is leading three major studies aimed at shedding important light on some of the most pressing issues facing American women with depression and the clinicians who treat them.
The mental health field is constantly changing. One major driver of these changes is the ever-evolving state of research on such topics as neuroscience, pharmacology, social psychology, the relationship between physical and mental health, substance use, and the social determinants of health (race, gender, class, national origin). Research and the endless search for evidence-based practices is at the heart of mental health, but sifting through the vast amounts being published is a daunting task. Nevertheless, we believe a public interest is served by giving readers a sampling of some of the current ideas, and controversies, in the area of mental health research.
This study is the first investigation of anxiety and mood disorders in childhood and adulthood using clinical diagnoses in a large whole-population study of very preterm and very-low-birth-weight individuals as compared to individuals born at term.
People with a family history of bipolar disorder may ‘age’ more rapidly than those without a history of the disease, suggests new research. The study also shows that bipolar patients treated with lithium — the main medication for the illness — have longer telomeres (a sign of slower biological aging) compared to bipolar disorder patients Read more
Clinical psychologist Kay Redfield Jamison of Johns Hopkins University told Live Science that those who have bipolar and are coming out of a depressive phase, often see a boost in creativity. When this occurs, the frontal lobe of the brain shows a lot of activity, similar to what takes place when someone is concentrating in Read more
An FDA-approved therapy using magnetic stimulation on the brain can be given to people who haven’t responded well to antidepressants.
Women with newly developed depression before a breast cancer diagnosis have a significantly increased risk for death from any cause in addition to death from late-stage breast cancer, according to a study published in Cancer.
In a cultural age that’s decidedly pro-positivity, the pressure to suppress or camouflage negative feelings is real. However, psychological studies have shown that acceptance of those negative emotions is the more reliable route to regaining and maintaining peace of mind.
The HHS is planning to launch a national evaluation to determine how prevalent mental illness is in the United States. Its results could lead to a seismic shift in the practice of medicine, clinicians say. The last time such an analysis was conducted was over a decade ago, according to the agency.
A large number of counsellors have volunteered to be available for survivors and firefighters at Grenfell tower, but what’s the evidence for talking therapy immediately after a trauma?
The findings showed that alterations were found in parts of the brain known as white matter, which contains fibre tracts that enable brain cells to communicate with one another by electrical signals.
A study of active musicians – including amateurs, students, professionals, and retired musicians – has found that they may have a high prevalence of food-related disorders, which could be explained by a combination of personality traits and the demands of the job.
HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C infections are more prevalent among patients with severe mental illness than in the general population, according to data published in the Lancet.
The report, A dramatic deterioration for asylum seekers on Lesbos – based on Médecins Sans Frontières medical data and the testimonies of patients – describes the recent drastic cuts in providing health care on the island, along with reductions in legal aid, and the closure of shelters and other essential services.
Scientists are starting to compare the social deficits autism and schizophrenia share, using a variety of methods, from eye tracking and behavioral assessments to electroencephalography (EEG). Some teams hope to expose the conditions’ common neurological roots, whereas others are drilling down into the differences.
A simple vaccine can prevent a disease like polio. But can we stop something like depression before it develops? Neuroscientist Rebecca Brachman says the possibility could be closer than we think.
It’s important to realize that personality traits are a matter of degree, says Dr. Roman Kotov, an associate professor in the department of psychiatry at Stony Brook School of Medicine in New York. They fall on a continuum, just like intelligence.
Recent research showed schools that had found those that had ‘wraparound’ support services which provided a multi-agency approach were much better at supporting students’ mental health. That included funding from the Ministry of Health and the Ministry for Social Development.
A small Australian biotech has drawn big-name backers — including swimming superstar Michael Phelps — to its audacious goal: to develop a quick, cheap, and objective way to diagnose an array of mental illnesses. The tool would be a stunning breakthrough in the field of mental health — if it works.
Research by the University of Exeter, published in the journal Psychological Medicine this month, found that a new onset mental disorder may be a consequence of exclusion from school. The study also found that – separately – poor mental health can lead to exclusion from school.
The study by the University of Texas and the University of Michigan finds the more a child gets spanked — defined by an open hand on the backside — the more likely they were to defy their parents. In fact, it was discovered that children who receive spankings are more likely to be anti-social, aggressive Read more
Heart disease patients who become depressed are twice as likely to die within the following decade as other patients, according to an unpublished study presented in March at the American College of Cardiology’s annual meeting. Depression increased the risk of death more than any other risk factor in the study — even smoking, said lead Read more
As in the U.S., suicide rates in Texas have been on the rise, up by 23% since 2000. In addition to the personal and social tragedy of suicide, there are financial consequences, which were estimated at $4.264 million in lifetime medical and work-loss costs in Texas in 2014.
Research led by the University of Glasgow has made a breakthrough in developing a possible future treatment of schizophrenia and related psychiatric conditions.
Childhood adversity (ie, experiences of loss and/or abuse) is significantly associated with later onset of personality disorder and higher levels of psychiatric distress, according to a new study published in Personality and Mental Health.
Researchers estimate our brains contain between 86 to 100 billion cells but some brains are more complex than others, especially those who struggle with depression, schizophrenia and bi-polar disorders.
Researchers argue that adolescents who experience this sort of family trauma — as well as those who see it happening all around them, and fear it will also affect their household — are at higher risk for mental-health problems such as depression and anxiety.
Scientists from Canada reveal that the underdevelopment of the brain network involved in inhibition after the age of 30 years may be connected with psychological problems.
In recent years, however, research has begun to show promise in treating a number of ailments. The interventions usually involved one dose of LSD, given in a supervised setting, coupled with therapy. To engage in research in Schedule I drugs, scientists have to get approval from the Drug Enforcement Administration.
In a study published in the journal Cell, researchers in UC San Diego’s Division of Biological Sciences found brain circuits tied to feelings of despair and helplessness and were able to alleviate and even reverse such symptoms in mice studies.